How is electric power related to voltage and current?

P = V * I

where:

P = Electric power in watts (W)

V = Voltage in volts (V)

I = Current in amperes (A)

In simpler terms, the electric power consumed or delivered by an electrical device or circuit depends on both the voltage applied to it and the current flowing through it. Let's explore this relationship further:

Voltage (V): Voltage is the electrical potential difference between two points in a circuit. It represents the force that pushes electrons through a conductor, creating a flow of current. The higher the voltage, the more energy each electron carries, and the faster the current will flow.

Current (I): Current is the rate of flow of electric charge (usually electrons) through a conductor. It is measured in amperes (A) and represents the number of electrons passing through a given point in the circuit per second. The higher the current, the more charge is being transferred, and the more work is being done by the circuit.

When you multiply the voltage (V) by the current (I) in Ohm's law, you get the electric power (P) in watts (W). This equation shows that increasing either the voltage or the current will lead to an increase in power consumption or delivery, while reducing either will decrease the power.

It's important to note that the relationship between voltage, current, and power is essential for understanding and designing electrical systems, as it helps engineers and electricians determine the appropriate voltage and current levels required for various devices and applications.