Describe the operation of a NAND gate and its truth table.

The NAND gate's behavior is defined by its truth table, which outlines the relationship between its input values and the resulting output. A NAND gate has two inputs (A and B) and one output (Y). Here's the truth table for a 2-input NAND gate:

A B Y

0 0 1

0 1 1

1 0 1

1 1 0

In this truth table:

A and B represent the input values, which can each be either 0 (low voltage, often interpreted as "false") or 1 (high voltage, often interpreted as "true").

Y represents the output value of the NAND gate, which is also either 0 or 1.

The operation of a NAND gate can be summarized as follows:

If both inputs (A and B) are 0, the output (Y) is 1.

If either input (A or B) is 1, the output (Y) is 1.

Only when both inputs (A and B) are 1, the output (Y) is 0.

In practical applications, NAND gates are commonly used as building blocks for more complex digital circuits due to their universal property. This means that you can use NAND gates to create any other type of digital logic gate (AND, OR, NOT, XOR, etc.), which makes them highly versatile and important components in digital electronics.