The purpose of an Isolation Transformer is to provide electrical isolation between the input and output circuits. It is a type of transformer that has its primary and secondary windings physically separated, usually by a non-conductive material. The primary and secondary windings are not electrically connected, so there is no direct electrical path between the input and output sides of the transformer.
The main reasons for using an Isolation Transformer are:
Electrical Isolation: As mentioned earlier, the primary function of an Isolation Transformer is to provide isolation between the input and output circuits. This is crucial in situations where there is a need to protect sensitive equipment or personnel from potentially hazardous voltages or ground loops. By preventing direct electrical contact between the two sides, it helps eliminate the risk of electrical shocks and interference.
Safety: One of the key advantages of an Isolation Transformer is its ability to protect against electrical shocks. If there is a fault or a surge on the output side (secondary winding), it won't propagate back to the input side (primary winding). This helps ensure that any fault or malfunction on the secondary side doesn't affect the primary side, where people might interact with the electrical equipment.
Noise and Interference Reduction: Isolation Transformers can also help reduce common-mode noise and electromagnetic interference between interconnected equipment. By isolating the circuits, they prevent the noise generated by one piece of equipment from affecting other connected devices.
Voltage Regulation: Isolation Transformers can be used to provide voltage regulation, especially in situations where there are voltage fluctuations or unclean power sources. They can help stabilize the output voltage and provide a cleaner power supply to the connected equipment.
In summary, the primary purpose of an Isolation Transformer is to ensure electrical safety and protect against electrical shocks by physically isolating the input and output circuits. It is commonly used in applications where safety, noise reduction, and voltage regulation are essential, such as in medical equipment, industrial machinery, and sensitive electronic devices.